There is so much information that you need to know and memorise in medical school. Therefore, I believe that it is really important to have notes that are concise which summarise all the key aspects that you need to know to save time and be efficient - nothing more and nothing less. Here are my handwritten electronic notes that I made using different sources including lectures, books and research. They are the exact notes that I used to pass and score highly during my second year of medical scool. I hope you find them as a useful addition to your own notes and hopefully you will achieve the same :) 


These are the topics covered:


Anatomy Teaching

  • The hip region and thigh
  • The hip region and thigh 2
  • Knee joint
  • The leg and ankle joint
  • The foot
  • Neurology of the lower limb
  • Shoulder & arm I
  • Shoulder & arm II
  • Elbow and radioulnar joints
  • Forearm & wrist
  • The hand
  • Neurology of the upper limb



  • Sociology of ageing
  • Key neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA
  • Key neurotransmitters dopamine and Ach
  • Mechanisms of ageing
  • Introduction to parkinsons disease
  • Pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease
  • Drug and other treatment for Parkinson’s disease
  • Medicines in older peopl
  • Osteoperosis and metabolic bone diseas
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Crystal arthritis
  • Age and inflammatio
  • Introduction to dementi
  • Neuropathology of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Falls
  • Malnutrition in older people
  • Mouth care for the ageing patient
  • Microbiome and ageing
  • Intrinsic size and frailty
  • The science of continence and why you should care
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment - what you need to know



  • Overview of the immune system in health and disease
  • Overview of autoimmunity and mechanisms/contributing factors to the development of autoimmune disease
  • Immunodeficiency/HIV infection
  • Immunology of T1 diabetes mellitus
  • Immunology of RA and SLE
  • Insulin action and insulin resistance
  • Clinical aspects of HIV infection
  • Acute phase response
  • Acute abdominal inflammatory conditions
  • Monitoring in diabetes
  • Electrolyte disorders