There is so much information that you need to know and memorise in medical school. Therefore, I believe that it is really important to have notes that are concise which summarise all the key aspects that you need to know to save time and be efficient - nothing more and nothing less. Here are my handwritten electronic notes that I made using different sources including lectures, books and research. They are the exact notes that I used to pass and score highly during my first year of medical scool. I hope you find them as a useful addition to your own notes and hopefully you will achieve the same :) 


These are the topics covered:


Head and Neck Anatomy

  • The head and neck 2: skull and intracranial region.
  • Face and scalp.
  • Oral and nasal cavities. 
  • The head and neck: cranial nerve overview.
  • Mastication and swallowing.
  • The neck.
  • The larynx and pharynx.
  • The blood supply and venous drainage of the head and neck. 


Neuroscience, Behavioral and Social Science 

  • Brain in cranium.
  • Cellular structure of the nervous system.
  • Functional organisation of the nervous system. 
  • Synaptic transmission in the CNS.
  • Somatosensory systems. 
  • Spinal cord systems and reflexes.
  • Blood-CNS barriers - homeostasis and regulation of the CNS extracellular fluid environment. 
  • Integration of synaptic potentials and introduction to neural networks.
  • Introduction to the science of behaviour.
  • Introduction to human cognition. 
  • Health related behaviours, beliefs and attitudes.
  • Introduction to health behaviour change. 
  • Symptoms perceptions.
  • Introduction to psychological framework for understanding illness related behaviours.
  • Adherence to treatment in healthcare.
  • Introduction to pain: an integrated approach from neuroscience to psychology.
  • Biology of stress.
  • Introduction to mental health.
  • Introduction to child development.
  • Psychology of ageing. 
  • Ascending and descending pathways.
  • Central connection of cranial nerves.
  • Overview of main sensory organs and their function. 
  • Introduction to sociology applied to medicine.
  • Social science research methods and evidence.
  • Illness behaviours.
  • The social patterning of health and illness.
  • Health, illness and disease.



Health Informatics and Evidence Based Practice

  • Introduction to the history, development and current status of evidence based medicine.
  • Human factors and human-computer interaction in healthcare.
  • Learning health system - integrating clinical research and practice.
  • Big data technologies in health.


Epidemiology and Biostatistics

  • Study design and summarising data.
  • Estimation and confidence intervals and significance tests.
  • Introduction to epidemiology.
  • Case control studies.
  • Cohort studies.
  • Design and conduct of randomised control trials.
  • Analysis and interpretation of randomised control trials.
  • T-tests and chi-squared tests.
  • Diagnostic tests: cancer.
  • Population and disease.
  • Screening. 
  • Primary prevention.
  • Meta-analysis. 



  • Genetics in clinical practice 1.
  • Genetics in clinical practice 2.
  • Chromosome abnormalities and genomic rearrangements.
  • Discovery of human disease genes.
  • Contribution of genetic changes to human disease.
  • Investigation the genome.
  • Epigenetics.
  • Mitochondrial genetics.
  • Complex diseases.
  • Genetics of inflammation.
  • Genetics of cancer.
  • Genetics and therapeutic response.
  • Gene therapy.
  • Population genetics. 


These notes were written to my best of knowledge during medical school. Please do not use them as an alternative to your own medical curriculum or to what you have been taught.


Medicine Year 1 Notes - Genes, Behaviour and Environment Module Only